\\ˈkärbəˌnȯl, -ōl\ noun (-s)
Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary carbin- (from obsolete German karbin methyl, from karb- carb- + -in) + -ol; originally formed as German karbinol
1. : methanol — used especially in the names of alcohols derived from methanol


2. : an alcohol derived from methanol

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/kahr"beuh nawl', -nol'/, n.
2. an alcohol derived from methyl alcohol.
[1860-70; < G Karbinol, equiv. to Karbin methyl (karb- CARB- + -in -IN2) + -ol -OL1]

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carbinol Chem.
[f. carbon n. + -ol (the ending of alcohol, used to indicate an analogous compound).]
A generic name introduced by Kolbe c 1868 for the monatomic alcohols.
Simple Carbinol is methyl alcohol or wood spirit (taken as COH.H3), a compound of 1 atom of carbon with 1 of hydroxyl OH, and 3 of replaceable hydrogen, any one or more of which may be replaced by the same number of alcohol radicals, the name or names of which are prefixed. When only one hydrogen atom is replaced, the carbinol is a ‘primary alcohol’, as methyl carbinol COH.H2.CH3 = ethyl or ordinary alcohol, C2H5OH; ethyl carbinol COH.H2.C2H5 = propyl alcohol C3H7OH. When two atoms of hydrogen are replaced, the carbinol includes the ‘secondary alcohols’ as dimethyl carbinol COH.H.(CH3)2 = secondary propyl alcohol C3H8O; methyl-propyl-carbinol COH.H.CH3.C3H7. When all three atoms of hydrogen are replaced, the carbinol includes the ‘tertiary alcohols’, as trimethyl carbinol COH.(CH3)3= tertiary butyl alcohol C4H10OH, dimethyl-ethyl-carbinol COH.(CH3)2.C2H5. The nomenclature of the complicated members as carbinols is more simple and definite than as alcohols.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • carbinol — CARBINÓL, carbinoli, s.m. Denumire veche a alcoolului metilic. – Din fr. carbinol. Trimis de valeriu, 11.02.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  CARBINÓL s. v. alcool metilic, metanol. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  carbinól s. m., pl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Carbinol — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término carbinol puede hacer referencia a: El metanol (sinónimo más usual). Los alcoholes en general (arcaico). Obtenido de Carbinol Categorías: Wikipedia:Desambiguación | Química orgánica …   Wikipedia Español

  • carbinol — ● carbinol nom masculin Synonyme vieilli de méthanol. ● carbinol (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : méthanol carbinol [kaʀbinɔl] n. m. ÉTYM. Déb. XXe; de carb , et ol. ❖ …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • carbinol — [kär′bə nôl΄, kär′bənōl΄] n. [Ger < carbin (name used by A. Kolbe, 19th c. Ger chemist, for the methyl radical) + OL1] 1. METHANOL 2. any alcohol bearing a homologous relation to methanol, as diethyl carbinol …   English World dictionary

  • Carbinol — Car bi*nol, n. [Carbin (Kolbe s name for the radical) + ol.] (Chem.) Methyl alcohol, {CH3OH}; also, by extension, any one in the homologous series of paraffine alcohols of which methyl alcohol is the type. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbinol — (De carbono y ol1). m. Quím. alcohol metílico …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • carbinol — ► sustantivo masculino QUÍMICA Metanol, alcohol metílico. * * * carbinol (de «carbono» y « ol1») m. Quím. *Alcohol metílico. * * * carbinol. (De carbono y ol1) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • carbinol — Methyl Meth yl, n. [See {Methylene}.] (Chem.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical, {CH3 }, not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carbinol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Methanol Andere Namen Methylalkohol K …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carbinol — Car|bi|nol [↑ Carbin (2) u. ↑ ol (1)], das; s, e: veralteter Name für ↑ Methanol u. abgeleitete sekundäre u. tertiäre Alkohole, z. B. Triphenylcarbinol. * * * Carbinol   das, s, veraltete Bezeichnung für Methanol …   Universal-Lexikon

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